Butterfly Rash on Face! What You Should Know About?

Butterfly Rash on Face:


What’s butterfly rash on face?

Butterfly Rash on Face also called ‘malar rash’. The word malar is taken from Latin origins ‘mala’, which means cheekbones. This disease typically infects the cheekbones and the nose bone as well. Normally, this kind of rash takes the shape of reddish or purplish blotches or spots.

As for the level of infection, it varies between mild, moderate and severe. Despite being not painful, it’s itchy and makes the patient feels hot.

butterfly rash on face
butterfly rash on face

What about the name of this infection ‘Lupus Butterfly Rash on Face’?

It’s called ‘Lupus’ because it’s somehow similar to SLE (Systematic Lupus Erythematous), while ‘butterfly’ because the rash itself on face takes the shape of a butterfly. That’s why also, organizations specialized in Butterfly rash takes the symbol of butterfly as their own logo.

Causes of butterfly rash on face:

First: Systemic Lupus Erythematous (SLE):

It’s an autoimmune disease that causes damages to one’s body’s cells, tissues and organs as well as their functions. Of those organs that are mostly affected by butterfly rash are: the kidneys, heart, brain, lung, liver, blood vessels, tissues, joints, skin and nervous system. But, what causes SLE exactly is still a matter of anonymity. Yet, some researchers and experts attribute it to genetic and environmental factors.

Both genders are prone to get infected, but it’s more common in females than males regardless of their age, whether children, youth or even old. As for females, they are vulnerable to get infected at any age, especially 14-44.

Second: Bloom Syndrome:

This syndrome causes abnormalities in the pattern of chromosomal arrangement in one’s body. Of the multiplications linked to this syndrome is butterfly rash on face.

Third: Lyme disease:

It’s caused by mice’ ticks in the first place and ends up with bacterial agent namely ‘Borrelua burgdorferi’ that mainly affect the eyes, heart, nervous system, musculoskeletal system and the skin. Of this disease’s effects on the skin is butterfly rash.

Forth: Erysipelas:

There’s a bacterial agent namely ‘Streptococcal’, which causes acute allergy of the skin that leads to malar rash on face.

Fifth: Seborrhea or Seborrheic Dermatitis:

This chronic disease causes scaling of the skin, dandruff formation of the hair, and skin rashes like butterfly rash on face.

Sixth: Dermatomyositis:

This disease is one of the main causes of malar rash. In addition to skin and muscular inflammation.

Seventh: photosensitivity:

It’s connected with excessive exposure to harmful rays of the sun, which causes malar rash.

Symptoms of malar rash:

The level of infection of this rash varies between being mild and severe. Of course, each level differs in symptoms.

When it’s primary or mild, you just notice redness on cheekbones; exactly like redness made by blusher. However, in case of severe butterfly rash, very red spots are formed over the cheekbones and the bridge of the nose taking the shape of a butterfly. Generally, in both situations, butterfly rash is prone to get much worse or disappear.

Another sign of being infected by butterfly rash is fatigue; yet the reason for which is still unknown. Due to its harmful damages on the connected tissues of the skin, butterfly rash also causes pain, stiffness, and swelling in the body’s joints. Malar rash is also signaled by the inflammation of one’s glands, such as the thyroid. ┬áNot to mention the infection of the kidneys and the urinary tract.

Some neurological disorders, such as: confusion, seizures, and convulsion, are other signals of severe viral rash.

Fortunately, butterfly mostly doesn’t cause itchiness; however, in specific cases, a patient with butterfly rash may experience sensation and heat.

It’s worthy to mention that butterfly rash doesn’t only infect the cheekbones and the nose, but it also affects other parts of the body such as: forehead, and neck.

The symptoms of mala rash, in case of mild level, fade away within a week. While, it takes a month to disappear in case of severe level; which is worse, it might leave a mark on the face even after being fully treated.

mark on the face even after being fully treated.

Treatment of butterfly rash on face:

Because the face’ skin is very sensitive in nature, consulting a dermatologist is indispensably necessary. Here are some of medicines prescribed by experts:

  1. Sunscreen lotions: this for those whose skin is too sensitive to the harmful rays of sun.
  2. Steroidal creams: it reduces the inflammation and itchiness of malar rash.
  3. Drugs: such as anti-malarial and anti-inflammatory drugs.
  4. Avoiding being exposed to sunlight, pesticides, mercury, and silica.
  5. Applying Vitamin E oil, olive oil, cod oil, a pinch of baking soda on the infected area that may reduce irritation connected with butterfly rash.
  6. Following a vegetarian diet.
  7. Taking sufficient portions of sleep.
  8. Drinking plenty of water.

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