Dry spots on skin can be caused due to many factors as diverse as extreme hot or cold weather and autoimmune system disorders. Dry spots on skin responds to lifestyle changes and many moisture; however, for those with brown skin, it can leave areas of hyperpigmentation. Dry patches on skin which do not improve with added moisture might need to see a doctor.
What’s Causing Dry Spots on Skin?
Dermatitis is a general term for skin rashes that caused by irritation. Contact dermatitis can be due to soap, laundry detergent or fabric softener, with the clothes which rub against your body irritating sensitive skin. Atopic dermatitis is very common in dry climates while seborrheic dermatitis sometimes plagues on parts of the body rich in oil-producing sebaceous glands. If B vitamins lack or there is too much vitamin A, this can bring about symptoms of dermatitis, such as itching and discoloration.
Eczema can cause of skin redness and itching. It is believed that it is an immune system disorder. Eczema leaves your skin dry, rough, flaky and often itchy. Dry Red blotches that caused by eczema can later turn dark brown. If you do not treat a case of eczema, your skin may crack and break leaving it vulnerable to bacterial infection. Eczema may be accompanied by allergies or asthma and it usually first appears in childhood. Rare cases do crop up initially in adults. The parts of the body that most commonly affected by eczema are the arms and legs; however, outbreaks can occur on the chest as well.
Psoriasis can cause a rapid buildup of dry, dead cells which develop a scaly appearance. If your dark skin patches are rough, flaky and shed easily, psoriasis might be to blame. It is a chronic disorder that may be accompanied by arthritis. The sufferers from psoriasis may experience thickening of the fingernails and joint stiffness. Outbreaks may occur for weeks or months on end, then cease for a while before returning. Moreover, psoriasis outbreaks occur when T lymphocyte cells, which attack viruses in the body, turn on healthy skin cells instead. Stress and certain medications, such as lithium and beta blockers, can make psoriasis symptoms worse.
How to Treat Dry Spots on Skin?
Treating dry sopts on skin can be as simple as applying moisturizer, or it can require an over-the-counter cortisone cream. Taking lukewarm rather than hot showers, avoiding baths and choosing moisturizing shower gel containing cocoa or shea butter can help relieve dryness and itching. You need to apply lotion after showering, preferably an unscented, dye-free formula made for sensitive skin. For relieve severe itching, colloidal oatmeal compresses or body wash can help . Anti-fungal treatment can also be necessary in some cases.