Identify the most common causes of the dust mites eczema and learn the best ways to deal with.
The excessive exposure to house dust mites can cause eczema. To reduce exposure, doctors say it is important to understand how mites live and why they cause eczema. This article will help you to find out some simple facts about the mite and provide practical advice keep beds and bedding mite free.
What are House Dust Mites (HDM)?
House dust mites are tiny scavengers live in colonies in dark, damp, warm environments like carpet, sofas, beds and bedding. HDMs eat a wide-range of organic debris including cotton fibre, dead insects, fungi or grain. However, their favourite food consists of discarded old skin scales that covered in bacteria, yeasts, fungi and micro-organisms.
Adult dust mites are blind that take in water and oxygen through their shell-like covering. They can produce up to 20 droppings a day. These droppings are water-soluble and light enough to be pushed into the air by disturbance where they can be deposited into eyes or on skin or be breathed in.
You need to know that the mite doesn’t have stomach, it has a chambered gut which produces powerful digestive enzymes designed to break down the wide-range of food that the mite eats. Leftover hard-to-digest food, and the powerful enzymes may be found in mite droppings.
The majot cause of the allergy is one of these enzymes because it is able to melt the glue that binds delicate cells together killing the cells and creating a breach in the cell defences.
Dust Mites Eczema
Eczema is a chronic, inflammatory, itchy skin condition that has a genetic link which often makes the skin barrier work less well. The Chronic dry skin is a symptom of a flaw in the building blocks of the skin barrier. This will lead to water loss causing dry skin.
A poorly working skin barrier will be worsen by things like irritants, allergens, infections, and changes in the weather. In eczema, the exposure to the enzymatic droppings from HDMs can act as irritant, or allergen causing a breach in skin defences inviting bacterial infection to establish.
You should understand a mites way of life and why it can cause eczema. Also, we must learn to recognise those who are vulnerable and at risk from mite exposure. The most common symptoms of allergy are chronic itching, sneezing, coughing and wheezing.
Many tests that completed on people with eczema demonstrate that a reduction of mite allergens can improve the condition, greatly reducing the activity of atopic dermatitis in some people.
The presence of house dust mites and their active digestive enzymes is a risk factor in eczema. There are over than 23 known and separate allergens from house dust mites and most of them are enzymes.
“Statistics show that there is a greater incidence of allergic eczema before the age of 7 with prevalence for the disease running at 10-12% of the populations. Manifestations of eczema are higher in families with a history of allergy. In those children affected 10 to 20% of these will continue to have eczema into late childhood. From this group it is estimated that 10 to 15% will experience persistent eczema in life.”
What are the Symptoms of House Dust Mite Eczema?
– High fever like symptoms: runny nose, itching, sneezing.
– Watery itchy eyes.
– Asthma, coughing, difficulty in breathing.
Air pollution such as tobacco smoke, chemical irritants or car fumes can make the symptoms become worse.
How to Keep Mites Out of Beds!
The following steps will show you how to make your bed mite free:
– You should place a tightly woven, anti-mite, micro-porous cover on a clean mattress.
– Make sure the mattress is enclosed and the cover has been tested and medically approved.
– Place a heavy cotton quilted cover over the micro-porous cover to collect discarded skin scales and dust and absorb perspiration.
– Put micro-porous covers on pillows and duvets because these can be a home for house dust mites as well.
– you should hot wash all bed linen weekly. The quilted cover needs to be hot washed every two weeks. Be careful, it must be completely dried before being put back on the bed.
– Damp wipe the micro-porous cover while the quilted cover is off the bed to prevent a build-up of dust or skin scales.
– Nightwear must be made of cotton to absorb perspiration, skin scales and dust. Moreover, soft toys that go into beds with your children should be hot washed weekly.
Your symptoms can be controlled by treatment; however, there is no cure for dust mites eczema. If your symptoms become more severe, you should see an allergist to ensure that you are following the proper treatment.