The Nature of the disease. How does it look like?
A lifelong disorder in immune system; it’s also called ‘autoimmune disease.’ According to American statistics, 1.5 million Americans get affected by this disease.
- Nine people out of 10 with lupus are females.
- It’s more prevalent in women who are Afro-Americans, Hispanic\Latin, Asian or Native Americans.
Normally, man’s immune system protects the body from viruses and bacteria as well as strange objects. When this vital system gets infected, it starts attacking the body tissues and vital organs. Unfortunately, Lupus extends to affect other organs of the body, such as: kidney, nervous system, blood vessels, and skin.
Are there types of Lupus Skin Rash or is it a one-typed disease?
Lupus rash that affects people’s skin due to autoimmune problems comes in different types; each type causes different symptoms. Here are the kinds of Lupus Skin Rash:
- Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE):
This is the commonest kind of Lupus rah that affects one’s skin. Amongst the body organs that get affected by this kind are: the kidneys, the lungs, the brain and arteries.
- Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus (CLE):
- Neonatal Lupus:
This is a rare condition that infects pregnant ladies, which in turn causes the baby to be born with a rash, liver problems, and heart defects sometimes.
How to know that you suffer from Lupus Skin Rash? What are the signs and symptoms of which?
Generally speaking, the symptoms associated with lupus rash are similar to those that come with flue. Among these symptoms, the patient feels the following:
- Extreme tiresome.
- Bad headache.
- Swelling in joints.
- Pain in joints.
- Prolonged fatigue.
- Swelling in ankles.
- Chest pain upon deep breathing.
- Sensitivity to sun.
- Hair loss.
- Abnormal blood clotting.
- Pale or purple fingers from stress or cold.
- Mouth ulcers.
Unfortunately, Lupus rash can be barely diagnosed because the symptoms associated with it are similar to those linked with other diseases, like: arthritis, fibromyalgia and thyroid problems. That’s why, this disease is also named ‘the great imitator.’
Joint pains and general weakness:
According to statistics issued by the Lupus Foundation of America, more than 90% of people with lupus skin rash face joint pains and general weakness in body. In addition to discomfort caused by inflammation raised by lupus. People with lupus rash also suffer from arthritis, which is pain and stiffness in their joints. Lupus rash also lead to weakness in pelvis, thighs, and shoulders muscles. Moreover, lupus rash may trigger carpal tunnel syndrome, which leads to pain and numbness in the hands and fingers.
This kind of rash infects people with chronic Cutaneous lupus or viral rash. As for the symptoms associated with this rash, it causes a coin-shaped red scaly rash that appears on cheeks, nose and ears. This kind of rash doesn’t come with itchiness or pain; however, once it fades away it leaves the skin discolored. Moreover, hair may permanently fall.
As the name suggests, this kind of rash looks like scaly red patches or ring shapes. The symptoms of this rash usually appear on parts exposed to sun like the arms, shoulders, neck, chest and trunk. This kind of rash mostly affects people with subacute cutaneous lupus as SCL makes you more sensitive to sun, so you need to be careful when you sit in sunshine or under fluorescent lights.
What are the causes of lupus rash on skin:
Generally, the factors that cause lupus are still mysterious. However, researchers and experts believe that genetic, hormonal and environmental reasons may combine together and cause lupus. Fortunately, lupus rash is not infectious; that’s, one doesn’t catch it from others nor it’s sexually transferred. Having said that lupus rash has no identified causes, excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays or intake of drugs may increase the possibility of being infected. Trauma, infection, stress, surgery and hormones may also trigger lupus.
Who is most likely to get infected?
Well, females are more vulnerable to lupus than males because females’ sex hormones affect the immune system more. Also, lupus may happen at any age; however, symptoms are more likely to develop at age between 15-44 years old.
Is lupus curable?
Well, fast diagnosis and treatment may well help to get the symptoms under control rather than getting much worse.
Once you get yourself diagnosed, keep your body’s major organs, like heart, kidney, nervous system and lungs, under monitored.
It’s worthy to mention that two cases of lupus have different symptoms, and therefore different treatment.
Medicines used to treat lupus:
- Antimalarial drugs e.g.
- Immune suppressive agents, like: azathioprine, methotrexate, cyclophosphamide, cyclosporine, and mycophenolate mofetil.