Spongiotic dermatitis is a skin condition which is considered a form of acute eczema. This form of dermatitis is usually painful, it is easy to prevent and treat. Once you have a medical diagnosis of spongiotic dermatitis, you need to use home remedies and medical intervention to treat the condition as necessary.
What to Do with Spongiotic Dermatitis?
Getting Diagnosed and Identifying Symptoms
If you’re experiencing the symptoms of spongiotic dermatitis, it’s important to get diagnosed with the condition by a medical doctor. He will help you take steps to treat this condition either through prevention and home remedies or medication.
Identify the symptoms of spongiotic dermatitis.
The symptoms of spongiotic dermatitis vary widely from person to person; however, there are some signs that you can look for to help identify the condition. Knowing these signs may make it easier to relieve your symptoms at home. The symptoms of spongiotic dermatitis include:
- Red to brownish-gray patches on your skin
- Severe itching.
- Small, raised bumps that contain fluid and crust over when scratched
- Raw, sensitive, and swollen skin that occurs as a result of scratching
- Thickened, cracked, dry, and scaly skin
The most common place for spongiotic dermatitis to occur is on the chest, stomach, and buttocks. It may spread from these areas to other parts of the body.
Be aware of possible irritants and risk factors.
There are some risk factors that can make you more prone to a flare-up of spongiotic dermatitis. Being aware of these factors helps you take the proper steps to prevent the condition.
- Certain health conditions that include congestive heart failure, Parkinson’s disease, and HIV/AIDS can also make you more prone to spongiotic dermatitis.
- Working with metals such as nickel, solvents, or cleaning supplies, increases your risk of spongiotic dermatitis.
- Spongiotic dermatitis can flare up if you have sensitive skin and/ or use very harsh and strong soaps that can cause an allergic reaction on the skin.
Home Remedies For Spongiotic Dermatitis
Identify what triggers your spongiotic dermatitis.
This condition usually flares up due to a specific irritant. Knowing what triggers your spongiotic dermatitis can help you prevent and relieve it. The trigger can be an allergen, food allergy, cosmetic, environmental factor, insect bite, or harsh soap or detergent. If you suspect a trigger, try to limit your exposure to it and see if it relieves your symptoms. There are certain external factors that can worsen spongiotic dermatitis including dry skin from taking baths or showers that are too hot, stress, sweat, wearing wool, exposure to tobacco smoke and pollution. Certain foods may also worsen spongiotic dermatitis including eggs, milk, peanuts, soybeans, fish, and wheat.
You need to use mild or “hypoallergenic” soaps and laundry detergents because they contain fewer harmful chemicals that may irritate your skin. Rinse your clothes twice after washing to ensure that the detergent is well removed.
Any product marked “hypoallergenic” has been tested for sensitive skin and will not irritate your skin.
No matter what the kind of treatment you seek for spongiotic dermatitis, do not scratch the patches on your skin. Scratching the rash will open sores you may have and cause further problems, including infection. If you cannot avoid scratching, apply bandages to any areas seriously affected by spongiotic dermatitis to limit exposure to irritants and keep you from scratching. Do not cover the areas frequently because this may actually cause more irritation.
Keep your skin well hydrated to reduce irritation.
To prevent dryness and further irritation, you need to maintain your skin’s natural hydration. You can help keep your skin hydrated by different ways including moisturizing, avoiding temperature extremes, and using a humidifier. You can use a gentle cleanser made for sensitive skin when you bathe or shower. There are many recommended choices include Dove, Aveeno, and Cetaphil. Don’t use overly hot water because this can dry out and irritate skin. You need also to Apply moisturizer to your skin at least twice daily. The best time to apply is after a shower while your skin is still damp. Consider using an oil to moisturize your skin. Moreover, make sure to use unscented and uncolored moisturizers which will not irritate your skin. If you aren’t sure what moisturizer is best for your skin, ask the pharmacist. Use creams because they are thicker and more effective than lotions, and they’re usually less irritating to the skin.
You should take a 10-15 minute bath in warm water sprinkled with baking soda, uncooked oatmeal or colloidal oatmeal to help your skin stay moisturized. Make sure to moisturize your skin with a cream after the bath. Keeping a humidifier in your home ensures that the air is moist and won’t dry out your skin. Avoid temperature extremes that can dry out skin.
Stay hydrated by drinking water.
Make sure that you drink enough water to help your skin stay hydrated. Drink at least 8 glasses of water every day to help your skin retain previous moisture and prevent dehydration.
Apply a cold compress to relieve itching and inflammation.
The itching and inflammation from spongiotic dermatitis comes from histamine in blood. Cold compresses can help relieve itching and inflammation that associated with spongiotic dermatitis by constricting blood flow and cooling the skin. Moreover, Histamine is produced when an allergen enters in the body. It is involved in all of the symptoms of allergic reactions, including itching and inflammation. You can place a cold compress on your rash for 10-15 minutes, once every 2 hours or as needed.
Protect your skin.
You can relieve spongiotic dermatitis by protecting your skin. Clothing, bandages, and even bug spray can protect your skin. Wear cool, loose, smooth textured clothing such as cotton to keep yourself from scratching and prevent excess sweating. Do not wear wool because it can irritate your skin. Moreover, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants to keep yourself from scratching your skin and protect it from external irritants. You can apply bug repellant to areas with no rashes when you go outside where you are at risk of being bitten. This will prevent insects from getting too close to your skin and causing further allergic reactions.
Apply calamine lotion or anti-itch cream.
Applying a calamine lotion or non-prescription anti-itch cream will relieve the symptoms of spongiotic dermatitis. A nonprescription anti-itch, or hydrocortisone can help relieve itching. Make sure to purchase a cream with at least 1% hydrocortisone. Apply these creams to the affected area before you moisturize your skin. Keep following the specific product instructions for how often you can use the cream on your skin.
Take over-the-counter antihistamines to reduce inflammation and itching.
These drugs block the histamine that causes allergic reactions and help relieve itching and skin inflammation. There are many different over the counter antihistamines. Before taking any new medications, consult with your doctor, because some may interact with other medical conditions.
Diphenhydramine is available in 25mg and 50mg tablets. Chlorpheniramine is available in 2mg and 4mg tablets. Ceterizine (Zyrtec) is available in 5mg and 10mg tablets.
These drugs often have sedative effects; therefore, when taking them, do not drive, drink alcohol, or operate any machinery . If you are treating a child, consult your doctor for appropriate dosages.
Use over the counter corticosteroid creams to help reduce itching and inflammation.
Corticosteroid creams can reduce inflammation, thereby reducing itching and scratching. You should apply them once a day on the affected area. It’s better to apply the cream in the morning after showering so that it stays on throughout the whole day.
Spongiotic Dermatitis Medical Assistance
If your condition worsens , visit your doctor.
If blisters and rash don’t go away after a week, or you become uncomfortable, see your doctor. He may prescribe oral medications, steroid creams, or light therapy to treat your spongiotic dermatitis.
See your doctor if:
you’re so uncomfortable that it disrupts your sleep or ability to function daily, self-care and home remedies haven’t worked your skin is painful, , or you suspect your skin is infected.
Use light therapy.
A doctor will prescribe phototherapy, which is known as light therapy, to help heal spongiotic dermatitis. It is very effective treatment that can be as simple as limited sun exposure or may use artificial light; however, it does not come without risks.
Phototherapy exposes your skin to controlled amounts of natural sunlight or artificial ultraviolet A (UVA) and narrow band UVB. This treatment can be used alone with in conjunction with medications. Light exposure will increase your risk for premature aging and skin cancer.
Use prescription corticosteroids.
If the itching or rash is not relieved by applying an over the counter topical corticosteroid, your doctor will prescribe either a stronger topical or oral corticosteroid such as prednisone. Oral steroids and strong topical steroids can have serious side effects if used long term. Follow your doctor’s instructions and don’t use these medications for longer than advised. Moreover, continue to moisturize your skin while using oral and topical corticosteroids. Not only will they keep your skin hydrated, but they also will help prevent flare-ups when you discontinue use of the steroids.
Get an antibiotic prescribed to combat infection.
In case your rash area is infected, use an antibiotic to make sure you remain healthy. Talk to your doctor if you see signs of infection, such as redness, swelling, warmth, or pus. The type of antibiotic your doctor prescribes may vary. Common antibiotics include erythromycin, penicillin, dicloxacillin, clindamycin, or doxycycline.
Use a calcineurin inhibitor cream to help repair the skin.
When no other treatment works, you can get a calcineurin inhibitor cream that help repair your skin. These drugs, which include tacrolimus and pimecrolimus, help maintain normal skin, control itching, and reduce flares of spongiotic dermatitis. Calcineurin inhibitors affect the immune system and come with potential side effects which include kidney problems, high blood pressure and headaches. Serious but rare side effects can include an increased risk of certain cancers.