Viral Rash in Babies: Causes and treatment

  Read about some skin viral rash in babies. Learn about the nature of the causes of your baby viral rash and how to deal with.

According to many recent reports of babies who coming down with fever and rash, most of these cases come from babies attending day care. Such spread and spread are inevitable in babies in case of close contact and poor hygiene practices enhance the spread of the infective agent.

Viral Rash in Babies
Viral Rash in Babies

Viral Rashes in Babies Causes (Rashes)


The majority of causes of the rashes in babies where fever occurs are due to virus. However, there is  less commonly possible that they are due to bacterial origin or ,occasionally, due to allergy to medications which given during the illness episode.


Common viral Rashes in Babies


– Chickenpox

The varicella-zoster virus is the cause of chickenpox illness. It is highly contagious illness that spreads from person to person by any direct contact or through the air. The symptoms takes from 2-3 weeks to develop following the exposure to an infected person. The most common symptoms of chickenpox are rash, cough, fever, headache and loss of appetite. The chickenpox’s rash appears as scattered red spots and then the itchy blisters are formed in many successive crops. Rashes are found on the scalp and body spreading to the face, arms, and legs. The scabs that develop as the secretions dry up before dropping off and leave scars.  In some cases, many rare bur serious complications can be developed  including pneumonia, bacterial skin infection and encephalitis.

Treatment with acyclovir may shorten the course of illness. Moreover,  the vaccination in the exposed baby can prevent, or at least lessen the severity of illness.

– Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease (HFMD)

This disease is caused by enteroviruses, commonly the coxsackievirus A16 and the more serious enterovirus 71. The Rash presents with red spots or papules and blisters on the palms and soles of babies afflicted, with ulcers in the mucosa of the mouth. Most cases may have constitutional symptoms of fever, lethargy and poor appetite.

Generally, infants may develop a more extensive rash. The rashes usually lasts 5-7 days. HFMD is commonly a mild illness, with rare instances of inflammation of the brain and heart.

– Measles, Rubella

Measles begins with white, lacy, Koplik spots in the mucosa of the mouth before the rash spreads from the face downwards to the trunk and limbs. Commonly, there are some early symptoms like cough, conjunctivitis, runny nose, fever and irritability that occur before the rash.

Rubella, which is known ad German measles, is similarly to measles with red macules on the face that spread down to the trunk and limbs. The extensive and painful lymph node swelling over the neck is a distinctive feature for rubella.

– Exanthem Subitum (Roseola)

Roseola is a very common viral rash in babies. It starts with a high spiking temperature with no apparent source of infection for 3-4 days. Then, your baby breaks out into a maculo-papular rash , which is little spots or bumps, over the trunk, face and limbs.

The extensive rash usually lasts for up to one week. The main cause of Roseola is the human herpesvirus 6 (HHV6). Treatment is symptomatic, which means that the doctor will guide you to treat the symptoms.

– Other Viral Rashes

Besides those mentioned above, there are many other rashes that may occur with other viral infections, especially those of the Ebstein-Barr virus, lupus rash, echoviruses, Cytomegalovirus, enteroviruses, and coxsackieviruses. They usually are non-specific. The diagnosis can only be confirmed with blood serology or isolation tests. However, the treatment is usually  symptomatic and supportive.

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